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Discover more about the EPSRC Centres for Doctoral Training at the University
of Leeds

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EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Fluid Dynamics

Fluids include both gases and liquids, and problems of interest within this CDT range in length scale from micrometres (e.g. ink-jet print heads) through to thousand of kilometres (e.g. atmospheric flows), with almost everything in between.

Research techniques that are applied, and developed, encompass: mathematical modelling & theory; numerical methods, CFD & high performance computing (HPC); and measurement & experimentation. 

Engineering application areas that are covered include: reacting flows; carbon capture, transport & storage; flow of polymer melts; mixing problems; particulate flows; coating & deposition; lubrication; medical devices; pathogen control; heat transport; wind turbines; fluid-structure interaction; and nuclear safety. 

Environmental application areas include: groundwater flow; river/estuary flows; tidal flows; oceanography; atmospheric pollution; weather forecasting; climate modelling; dynamics of the Earth's interior; and solar and planetary flow problems.

Research at the Centre comes under five broad themes: 

  • 1. Reacting Flows, Mixing and Safety

    Leeds has long-standing strengths in reacting turbulent flow, including: engine and gas turbine combustion, ignition, laminar and turbulent flames, high temperature combustion, carbon capture, explosions, ruptures and hazards. Applications include those in the automotive industry, fuel manufacture and power generation. Carbon Capture and Storage is also a major strength and our expertise on hazards and explosions also overlaps with this.

  • 2. Environmental Flows

    Leeds is one of the primary centres in Europe that studies atmospheric dynamics. Leeds hosts the National Centre for Atmospheric Science; the research here includes atmospheric boundary layers and regional airflow models and pollution modelling and atmospheric dispersion of pollutants. Expertise includes the study of wind microclimates for power generation as well as the development of research into thermal models and the spread of airborne infections in the built environment. We also have expertise in submarine channels and turbidite deposits.

  • 3. Geophysical Flows

    Leeds has a strong record of research studying stratified, convecting and rotating fluids, in many contexts, from the fundamentals of convection in multi-phase flow to the simulation of atmospheric, deep Earth and solar processes. We have led some of the most significant international field observational programmes with Met Office participation and we undertake work in global and regional aerosol modelling, climate and earth-system modelling and chemistry transport modelling, which all involve fundamental fluid dynamics. We also conduct research in oceanography and planetary flows.

  • 4. Microflows and Heat Transfer

    Leeds' expertise on microflows includes the coating processes and the interdisciplinary study of jet sprays and droplets, with applications to inkjet printing, medicinal sprays, drug manufacture, emulsion formation and condensation control, as well as thermal management. Research includes collaborations with industry to improve the cooling of mechanical and electronic components; the very small sizes of the latter leading to new problems in heat transfer.

  • 5. Particulate Flows, Sediments and Rheology

    Leeds is a centre of excellence for the study of sludge beds, which are important for the nuclear reprocessing industry and for mining waste and we have exceptionally broad expertise in the transport of sediments in rivers and estuaries, and tidal erosion. We also perform research on non-Newtonian fluids, granular flows, suspensions, bubbly flows and polymers.

Here is a sample of recent published papers by academics in the CDT in Fluid Dynamics.

Gold Open Access

Paper & Links

DOI

Research Theme(s)

Bollada, P C, Jimack, P K & Mullis, A M, Bracket Formalism Applied to Phase Field Models of Alloy Solidification. Computational Materials Science, vol.126, 426-437, 2017.

DOI

Reacting Flows, Mixing & Safety, Microflows & Heat Transfer

Bollada, P., Goodyera, C., Jimack, P., Mullis, A., Yang, F., Three dimensional thermal-solute phase field simulation of binary alloy solidification, Journal of Computational Physics, vol. 287, pp.130–150, 2015.

DOI

Reacting Flows, Mixing & Safety, Microflows & Heat Transfer

Teed, R., Jones, C., Tobias, S., The transition to Earth-like torsional oscillations in magnetoconvection simulations Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 419, pp.22-31, 2015.

DOI

Geophysical Flows

Hori, K., Jones, C., Teed, R., Slow magnetic Rossby waves in the Earth's core, Geophysical Research Letters, 2015.

DOI

Geophysical Flows

Jones, C., A dynamo model of Jupiter's magnetic field Icarus, vol. 241, pp. 148-159, 2014.

DOI

Geophysical Flows

Teed, R., Jones, C., Tobias, S., The dynamics and excitation of torsional waves in geodynamo simulations, Geophysical Journal International, vol. 196, pp. 724-735, 2013.

DOI

Geophysical Flows

Tobias, S., Cattaneo, F., Shear-driven dynamo waves at high magnetic Reynolds number, Nature, vol. 497, pp. 463–46, 2013.

DOI

Geophysical Flows

Livermore, P., Hollerbach, R., Jackson, A., Electromagnetically driven westward drift and inner-core superrotation in Earth’s core, PNAS, Current Issue, vol. 110 no. 40, pp.15914–15918.

DOI

Geophysical Flows

Birch, C., Marsham, J., Parker, D., Taylor, C., The scale dependence and structure of convergence fields preceding the initiation of deep convection, Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 41, pp. 4769-4776, 2014.

DOI

Geophysical Flows

Parker DJ; Willetts P; Birch C; Turner AG; Marsham JH; Taylor CM; Kolusu S; Martin GM (2016) The interaction of moist convection and mid-level dry air in the advance of the onset of the Indian monsoon, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 142, pp.2256-2272.

DOI

Environmental Flows, Geophysical Flows

Hunt KMR; Parker DJ (2016) The movement of Indian monsoon depressions by interaction with image vortices near the Himalayan wall, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 142, pp.2224-2229.

DOI

Environmental Flows, Geophysical Flows

Willetts PD; Marsham JH; Birch CE; Parker DJ; Webster S; Petch J (2016) Moist convection and its upscale effects in simulations of the Indian monsoon with explicit and parametrised convection, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society.

DOI

Environmental Flows, Geophysical Flows

Dorrell, R., Darby, S., Peakall, J., Sumner, E., Parsons, D., Wynn, R., Superelevation and overspill control secondary flow dynamics in submarine channels, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, vol. 118, pp. 3895–3915, 2013.

DOI

Environmental Flows, Geophysical Flows

Malarkey, J., Baas, J., Hope, J., Aspden, R., Parsons, D., Peakall, J., Paterson, D., Schindler, R., Ye, L., Lichtman, I., Bass, S., Davies, A., Manning, A., Thorne, P., The pervasive role of biological cohesion in bedform development, Nature Communications, 6:6257, 2015.

DOI

Environmental Flows, Geophysical Flows

Schindler, R., Parsons, D., Ye, L., Hope, J., Baas, J., Peakall, J., Manning, A., Aspden, R., Malarkey, J., Simmons, S., Paterson, D., Lichtman, I., Davies, A., Thorne, P., Bass, S., Sticky stuff: Redefining bedform prediction in modern and ancient environments, Geology, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 399–402, 2015.

DOI

Environmental Flows, Geophysical Flows

Sumner, E., Peakall, J., Dorrell, R., Parsons, D., Darby, S., Wynn, R., McPhail, S., Perrett, J., Webb, A., White, D., Driven around the bend: Spatial evolution and controls on the orientation of helical bend flow in a natural submarine gravity current, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, vol. 119, pp. 898–913, 2014.

DOI

Environmental Flows, Geophysical Flows

Sumner, E., Peakall, J., Parsons, D., Wynn, R., Darby, S., Dorrell, R., McPhail, S., Perrett, J., Webb, A., White, D., First direct measurements of hydraulic jumps in an active submarine density current, Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 40, pp. 1–5, 2013.

DOI

Environmental Flows, Geophysical Flows

Dorrell, R., Darby, S., Peakall, J., Sumner, E., Parsons, D., Wynn, R., The critical role of stratification in submarine channels: Implications for channelization and long runout of flows, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, vol. 119, pp. 2620–2641, 2014.

DOI

Geophysical Flows

McIlroy, C., Harlen, O., Morrison, N., Modelling the jetting of dilute polymer solutions in drop-on-demand inkjet printing, Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics, vol. 201, pp. 17-28, 2013.

DOI

Microflows & Heat Transfer, Particulate Flows, Sediments & Rheology

Hoath, S. et al., Inkjet printing of weakly elastic polymer solutions, Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics, Vol 205, pp.1–10, 2014.

DOI

Microflows & Heat Transfer, Particulate Flows, Sediments & Rheology

Hoath, S. et al., Oscillations of aqueous PEDOT:PSS fluid droplets and the properties of complex fluids in drop-on-demand inkjet printing, 2015.

DOI

Microflows & Heat Transfer, Particulate Flows, Sediments & Rheology

Bokhove, O., Kalogirou, A., Variational Water Wave Modelling: from Continuum to Experiment, In Lectures on the Theory of Water Waves, 2015.

DOI

Environmental Flows, Geophysical Flows

Bokhove, O., Horn, A., Meer, R., Thornton, A., Zweers, W., On wave-driven "shingle'' beach dynamics in a table-top Hele-Shaw cell, 34th Conference on Coastal Engineering, 2014.

DOI

Environmental Flows, Geophysical Flows

Hughes, J., Ross, A., Vosper, S., Lock, A., Jemmett-Smith, B., Assessment of valley cold pools and clouds in a very high resolution NWP model, Geoscientific Model Development, vol. 8, pp. 3105-3117, 2015.

DOI

Geophysical Flows

Fiedler, S., Knippertz, P., Woodward, S., Martin, G., Bellouin, N., Ross, A., Heinold, B., Schepanski, K., Birch, C., Tegen, I., A process-based evaluation of dust-emitting winds in the CMIP5 simulation of HadGEM2-ES, Climate Dynamics Online First, 2015.

DOI

Geophysical Flows

van Oers AM, Maas LRM, Bokhove O Hamiltonian discontinuous Galerkin FEM for linear, stratified (in)compressible Euler equations: internal gravity waves Journal of Computational Physics, 330, 770-793, 2017.

DOI

Geophysical Flows

Gidel FMP, Bokhove O, Kalogirou A Variational modelling of extreme waves through oblique interaction of solitary waves: application to Mach reflection Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, 24, 43-60, 2017.

DOI

Environmental Flows

Kalogirou A, Moulopoulou EE, Bokhove O Variational finite element methods for waves in a Hele-Shaw tank Applied Mathematical Modelling, 40, 7493-7503, 2016.

DOI

Particulate Flows, Sediments & Rheology

Salwa TJ; Bokhove O; Kelmanson MA Variational Coupling of Wave Slamming against Elastic Masts Proceedings 31st International Workshop on Water Waves and Floating Bodies, 149-152 2016

DOI

Environmental Flows

Gagarina E, Ambati VR, Nurijanyan S, van der Vegt JJW, Bokhove O On variational and symplectic time integrators for Hamiltonian systems JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS, 306, 370-389, 2016.

DOI

Environmental Flows

Salwa T; Bokhove O; Kelmanson MA Variational modelling of wave-structure interactions for offshore wind turbines Proceedings of the International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering - OMAE 2016.

DOI

Environmental Flows

Kalogirou A; Bokhove O Mathematical and numerical modelling of wave impact on wave-energy buoys Proceedings of the International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering - OMAE 2016.

DOI

Environmental Flows

Bokhove O, Kalogirou A Variational Water Wave Modelling: from Continuum to Experiment. In Lectures on the Theory of Water Waves, 426, 226-245, 2016.

DOI

Environmental Flows

King MF, Noakes CJ, Sleigh PA (2015) Modelling environmental contamination in hospital single and four-bed rooms, Indoor Air: international journal of indoor air quality and climate 25(6): 694-707.

DOI

Reacting Flows, Mixing & Safety, Environmental Flows

Gilkeson CA, Noakes CJ, Khan MAI (2014) CFD Modelling and Optimisation of an Upper-Room UVGI System in a Naturally Ventilated Hospital Ward. Indoor and Built Envrionment vol. 23, pp.449-466.

DOI

Reacting Flows, Mixing & Safety, Environmental Flows

Trzeciak, T, Garcia-Carreras, L and Marsham, JH (2017) Cross Saharan transport of water vapour via recycled cold-pool outflows from moist convection. Geophysical Research Letters, 44 (3). pp. 1554-1563. ISSN 0094-8276.

DOI

Environmental Flows, Geophysical Flows

Here is a sample of recent published papers by academics in the CDT in Fluid Dynamics.

Green Open Access

Paper and Links

DOI

Research Theme(s)

Wang, Y, Jimack, P K & Walkley, M A.
A one-field monolithic fictitious domain method for fluid-structure interactions.
Computer Methods in Applied Mechanicss and Engineering, 317, 1146-1168, 2017.

DOI

Other

Khatir, Z, Kubiak,K J, Jimack, P K & Mathia, T G.
Dropwise condensation heat transfer process optimisation on superhydrophobic surfaces using a multi-disciplinary approach.
Applied Thermal Engineering, 106, 1337-1344, 2016.

DOI

Microflows & Heat Transfer

Wareing, C.J., Woolley, R.M., Fairweather, M., and Falle, S.A.E.G., A Composite Equation of State for the Modeling of Sonic Carbon Dioxide Jets in Carbon Capture and Storage Scenarios, American Institute of Chemical Engineers Journal, Vol. 59, No. 10, pp. 3928-3942, 2013.

DOI

Reacting Flows, Mixing & Safety

Colombo, M., and Fairweather, M., RANS Simulation of Bubble Coalescence and Break-Up in Bubbly Two-Phase Flows, Chemical Engineering Science, Vol. 146, No. 1, pp. 207-225, 2016.

DOI

Particulate Flows, Sediments and Rheology

Njobuenwu, D.O., and Fairweather, M., Simulation of Inertial Fibre Orientation in Turbulent Flow, Physics of Fluids, Vol. 28, No. 6, 063307, 2016.

DOI

Reacting Flows, Mixing & Safety

McIlroy, C, Harlen, OG and Morrison, NF (2013) Modelling the jetting of dilute polymer solutions in drop-on-demand inkjet printing. Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics, 201. 17 - 28. ISSN 0377-0257.

DOI

Particulate Flows, Sediments & Rheology

Harlen, OG, Mathues, W, Mcllroy, C et al. (2015) Capillary breakup of suspensions near pinch-off. Physics of Fluids, 27 (9). 093301. ISSN 1089-7666.

DOI

Particulate Flows, Sediments & Rheology

Hoyle, DM, Auhl, D, Harlen, OG et al. (3 more authors) (2014) Large amplitude oscillatory shear and Fourier transform rheology analysis of branched polymer melts. Journal of Rheology, 58 (4). 969 - 997. ISSN 0148-6055.

DOI

Particulate Flows, Sediments & Rheology

Dorrell, R.M., Peakall, J., Sumner, E.J., Parsons, D.R., Darby, S.E., Wynn, R.B., Ozsoy, E. and Tezcan, D. (2016), Flow dynamics and mixing processes in hydraulic jump arrays: Implications for channel-lobe transition zones. Marine Geology, 381, 181-193.

DOI

Environmental Flows

Dorrell, R.D., Darby, S.E., Peakall, J., Sumner, E.J., Parsons, D.R. and Wynn, R.B. (2013), Superelevation and overspill control secondary flow dynamics in submarine channels. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, (8), 3895-3915.

DOI

Environmental Flows

Sumner, E.J., Peakall, J., Dorrell, R.M., Parsons, D.R., Darby, S.E., Wynn, R.B., McPhail, S.D., Perrett, J., Webb, A. and White, D. (2014), Driven around the bend: spatial evolution and controls on the orientation of helical bend flow in a natural submarine gravity current. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119, (2), 898-913.

DOI

Environmental Flows

J. Pohl, H.M. Thompson, R.C. Schlaps, S. Shahpar, V. Fico, G.A. Clayton, ‘Innovative turbine stator well design using a kriging assisted optimization method’ to appear in Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 2017.

DOI

Microflows & Heat Transfer

C.A. Gilkeson, H.M. Thompson, M.C.T. Wilson and P.H. Gaskell, ‘Quantifying Passive Ventilation within Small Livestock Trailers using Computational Fluid Dynamics’ Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 124, 84-99, 2016.

DOI

Microflows & Heat Transfer

A. Al-Damook, N. Kapur, J.L. Summers, H.M. Thompson, ‘An experimental and computational investigation of thermal air flows through perforated pin heat sinks’, Applied Thermal Engineering, 89, 365-376, 2015.

DOI

Microflows & Heat Transfer

M. Tatchell-Evans, N. Kapur, J. Summers, H. Thompson, D. Oldham, ‘An experimental and theoretical investigation of the extent of bypass air within data centres employing aisle containment, and its impact on power consumption’, Applied Energy, 186, 457-469, 2016.

DOI

Microflows & Heat Transfer

S. Veremieiev, H.M. Thompson, P.H. Gaskell, ‘Free-surface film flow over topography: full three-dimensional finite element solutions’, Computers and Fluids, 122, 66-82, 2015.

DOI

Other

Fluids and MHD seminars

Semester 1, 2016-2017
Thursdays at 4:00 p.m. in MALL 1 & 2, School of Mathematics

Campus map showing our location

Forthcoming seminars

Thu 29th September, 2016
4:00 PM
Helen Burgess (School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of St Andrews) 
Scaling theory for vortices in the two-dimensional inverse energy cascade
Thu 6th October, 2016
4:00 PM
Julian Mak (School of Mathematics, University of Edinburgh) 
A new gauge invariant method for diagnosing eddy diffusivities
Thu 20th October, 2016
4:00 PM
Ed Llewellin (Department of Earth Sciences, University of Durham) 
Slugs and plugs: multiphase magma flow in basaltic volcanic conduits
Thu 27th October, 2016
4:00 PM
Anne Juel (School of Physics & Astronomy, University of Manchester) 
Using inkjet printing to deposit lines of fluids
Thu 3rd November, 2016
4:00 PM
Nobumitsu Yokoi (Insitute of Industrial Science, University of Tokyo) 
Large-scale flow induction by inhomogeneous turbulent helicity
Thu 10th November, 2016
4:00 PM
Rob Lamb (JBA Trust) 
TBA
Thu 17th November, 2016
4:00 PM
Sylvain Laizet (Department of Aeronautics, Imperial College London) 
A 2D domain decomposition, a customized immersed boundary method and a zest of numerical dissipation: a successful cocktail to tackle turbulence on supercomputers
Thu 1st December, 2016
4:00 PM
Andrew Hillier (Department of Mathematics, University of Exeter) 
TBA
Thu 8th December, 2016
4:00 PM
Xiomara Marquez Artavia and Joshua Kirk (School of Mathematics, University of Leeds) 
TBA

Further information: http://www1.maths.leeds.ac.uk/events/seminars/fluids.html

Click here to view past seminars.